x
Tell a Friend
  • captcha
  • Auto and Work Related Injuries

    Auto and Work Related Injuries

  • The Spine and Orthopedic Academic Research Institute

    Surgical and Non-surgical Management of back pain

  • The Spine and Orthopedic Academic Research Institute

    Hip Surgery

  • The Spine and Orthopedic Academic Research Institute

    Knee Surgery

  • The Spine and Orthopedic Academic Research Institute

    Sports Medicine

  • The Spine and Orthopedic Academic Research Institute

    Cartilage Restoration

Spine

Normal Anatomy of the Spine

Normal Anatomy of the Spine

The spine also called the back bone is designed to give us stability, smooth movement as well as providing a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord. It is made up of bony segments called vertebra and fibrous tissue called inter vertebral discs.

Read more

Back Pain

Back Pain

Back pain or backache is the pain felt in the back that may originate from muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Back pain is one of the most common medical problems experienced by most people at some time in their life. Back pain can be acute, usually lasting from a few days to a few weeks or chronic, lasting for more than three months.

Read more

Neck Pain

Neck Pain

The first 7 vertebral bones on the spinal column form the cervical spine and are located in the neck region. The neck bears the weight of the head, allows significant amount of movement, and is also less protected than other parts of the spine. All these factors make the neck more susceptible to injury or other painful disorders.

Read more

Degenerative Spine

Degenerative Spine

Degenerative spinal conditions are a group of disorders that causes loss of normal structure and function of the spine. These disorders may be caused due to ageing, infection, tumors, muscle strains or arthritis. Degenerative joint disease is commonly known as arthritis that affects feet, fingers, hands, spine and weight-bearing joints.

Read more

Herniated Disc

Herniated Disc

Herniated disc is a condition in which the outer fibers (annulus) of the intervertebral disc are damaged causing the soft inner material of the nucleus pulposus to rupture out of its space. A herniated disc, common in the lower back (lumbar spine) occurs when there is a tear in the outer lining of the disc (annulus fibrosus).

Read more

Spine Trauma

Spine Trauma

Spine trauma is damage to the spine caused from a sudden traumatic injury caused by an accidental fall or any other physical injury. Spinal injuries may occur while playing, performing normal activities, operating heavy machines, lifting heavy objects, driving automobiles, or when you suffer a fall.

Read more

Vertebral Fractures

Vertebral Fractures

Back pain is an indication of stress fractures known as vertebral compression fractures. Vertebral compression fractures occur when the normal vertebral body of the spine is squeezed or compressed to a smaller height.

Read more

Total Disc Replacement Surgery

Total Disc Replacement Surgery

Total disc replacement is a surgical procedure in which the diseased or damaged intervertebral discs of the spinal column are replaced with an artificial disc to restore the normal function and movement of the spine. The discs in your spine are soft cushions that sit between each vertebra, the bones that make up the spinal column.

Read more

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure employed to relieve the pressure over the spinal cord and/or nerve roots, caused by a ruptured (herniated) intervertebral disc. A herniated disc, common in the lower back (lumbar spine) occurs when the inner gelatinous substance of the disc escapes through a tear in the outer, fibrous ring (annulus fibrosis).

Read more

Laminectomy

Laminectomy

Lumbar laminectomy, also known as decompression laminectomy, is a spinal surgery done to relieve excess pressure on the spinal nerve(s) in the lumbar (low back) region. The term laminectomy originated from the Latin words ‘lamina’ refers to a thin plate and the word ‘ectomy’ means removal.

Read more

Spinal Fusions

Spinal Fusions

Spinal fusion, also called arthrodesis, is a surgical technique used to join two or more vertebrae (bones) within the spine. Lumbar fusion technique is the procedure of fusing the vertebrae in lumbar portion of the spine (lower back).

Read more

Discectomy

Discectomy

The human spine provides support to the body allowing you to stand upright, bend, and twist. The spine can be broadly divided into cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Thoracic spine lies in the mid back region between the neck and lower back and is protected by the rib cage.

Read more

Vertebroplasty

Vertebroplasty

Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat vertebral compression fractures caused by weakened bones.

Read more

Corpectomy

Corpectomy

Thoracic corpectomy is a procedure performed to relieve pressure on a nerve at the thoracic region (upper and middle back) by removing the source of the compression. It is indicated for conditions such as degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, bone spurs, tumor, fracture and infection leading to spinal compression, which cause pain, weakness and numbness in various parts of the body.

Read more

Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • Arthroscopy Association of North America
  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • University Hospitals
  •  International Cartilage Repair Society